Welcome to the Self-host Wiki

What

This is a wiki dedicated to help people run services such as file servers, NAS, backup servers, seedboxes etc on their own hardware and local network.

Why

While the above services are available easily and for free (or for a small monthly subscription) by companies such as Google, Apple, Dropbox etc., there are issues such as privacy, non-availability due to loss of internet connection, and government censorship. Companies can terminate accounts for undisclosed reasons, accounts can get hacked, trade wars can prohibit companies from providing their services to other countries, and internet lines can go out due to accidents or natural disasters.

Even for people who are not concerned about the above issues, self hosting can be a fun exercise in DIY, an extra backup plan in addition to cloud services, or salvaging older, unused hardware such as obsolete smartphones, abandoned Raspberry Pis, and laptops with low-res or broken screens/batteries. Such devices can often make perfectly usable, low-powered servers instead of rotting away in a basement, or worse, in a landfill.

For whom

The intended audience is people who are not afraid to dive into the command line, but also do not have the time or mental space to look up tutorials that might be obsolete, scattered across the web, or for a different distribution than they run. The guides are aimed to be as much "copy and paste commands as-is" as possible while not compromising on security.

How

This wiki will primarily focus on two platforms: the latest version of Debian GNU/Linux (the instructions for which will usually run unmodified on Ubuntu LTS, and will be noted where they don't), and Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). The reason for the latter (certainly controversial) choice is to enable people who have a working Windows 10 system to be able to run software like NextCloud or Syncthing without having to commit a different machine, hard disk or switching over completely to Linux.

Topics to be covered

Here is a tentative list of topics that will be covered at first. The list wil grow bigger in scope as time goes on: